Proof of Cash: Why It’s Essential To Any Business Acquisition

Team Acquira
-  November 30, 2023
What You’ll Learn
  • How Proof of Cash can help you in your Business Acquisition
  • The Importance of Proof of Cash in the Due Diligence process
  • Learn several possible challenges when establishing proof of cash

Due diligence is a critical process in a business acquisition and it involves conducting a comprehensive investigation and analysis of the target company. 

Conducting due diligence allows the acquiring company to make informed decisions, assess risks and opportunities, determine the target’s value, and plan for successful integration. It also minimizes the chances of surprises, improves the probability of a successful acquisition, and enhances long-term value creation.

One crucial aspect of due diligence is conducting a thorough financial analysis of the target company through a Quality of Earnings analysis. 

It is a comprehensive review of a business’s financial statements, accounting policies and procedures, and potential risks or liabilities. This analysis helps potential buyers understand the true financial health of the business and identify any potential red flags or concerns. An effective QoE analysis should include Proof of Cash, Quality of Earnings, Income Statement Analysis, & Balance Sheet Analysis, Working Capital Analysis, & Key risks. 

By conducting a Quality of Earnings analysis, you can negotiate a better price for the business. If there are any issues or concerns uncovered during the analysis, you can use this information to negotiate a lower price or request that certain conditions be met before the sale is finalized.

In this article, we will focus on the Proof of Cash, one of the key components of a QoE analysis.

What is Proof of Cash?

how to prove cash in accounting

Proof of Cash is a financial process used to verify a company’s cash and cash equivalents by reconciling accounting records with actual cash balances and activities during a specific period. This ensures that reported cash matches the physical cash on hand without discrepancies.

This procedure involves comparing bank statements such as bank balances, deposits & withdrawals to the records in the accounting system to identify discrepancies between the company’s cash records and bank records. It also includes analyzing cash transactions, verifying deposits, and reconciling bank accounts.

Importance of Proof of Cash

Proof of Cash is an important control mechanism to safeguard the integrity of cash transactions and ensure the financial statements reflect the company’s true financial position regarding cash holdings.

This process ensures accurate and reliable financial statements by reconciling recorded cash transactions with actual cash balances, assuring correct cash reporting. It can also uncover errors or discrepancies, revealing unrecorded transactions or fraudulent activity where companies can take corrective actions such as adjusting financial statements, strengthening internal controls, or initiating investigations.

Proof of Cash provides an opportunity to assess the effectiveness of a company’s internal controls related to cash management. It helps identify weaknesses or gaps in control procedures that may lead to errors or fraud. 

For business owners, regularly conducting Proof of Cash analysis can help them promptly identify and address cash flow issues. By monitoring cash receipts and disbursements and comparing them to recorded transactions, companies can detect potential cash flow problems, such as delayed collections or excessive cash outflows. This allows them to manage their cash effectively, improve liquidity, and avoid financial difficulties.

For acquisition entrepreneurs, the Proof of Cash process is important for ensuring the accuracy of financial statements, detecting errors and fraud, evaluating internal controls, and ensuring there are no cash flow problems in an acquisition target.

Challenges in Establishing Proof of Cash

When it comes to establishing Proof of Cash, there are several common challenges that can arise. These challenges can make the process more difficult and time-consuming than it needs to be. Here are some common challenges:

  1. Acquiring Up-to-Date Bank Statements

Obtaining up-to-date bank statements can be challenging, especially when dealing with multiple bank accounts or international transactions. Delays in receiving bank statements can hinder the reconciliation process and may require additional efforts to gather the necessary information.

  1. Data Accuracy and Completeness

It is crucial to ensure the accuracy and completeness of both the company’s financial records and the bank statements. Discrepancies can occur due to transaction errors, missing information, or differences in timing between the records. Reconciling discrepancies can be time-consuming and require careful analysis and investigation.

  1. Cash Transactions Outside of Bank Accounts

Bank statements primarily capture cash transactions through bank accounts. However, other cash transactions, such as petty cash, cash sales, or informal cash exchanges, may not be recorded in this way. Capturing and reconciling these transactions can be a challenge.

  1. Multiple Bank Accounts and Currencies

Companies with multiple bank accounts or operations in different countries may face challenges when consolidating and reconciling cash across various accounts and currencies. The process becomes more complex when dealing with currency conversions, intercompany transfers, and reconciling transactions between different banking systems.

  1. Bank Errors or Discrepancies

Occasionally, banks may make errors in processing transactions or fail to record them accurately. These errors can lead to discrepancies between the bank statements and the company’s financial records. Resolving such discrepancies may require coordination and communication with the bank to rectify the errors.

  1. Internal Control Weaknesses

Inadequate internal controls for cash handling, recording, or bank reconciliation processes can hinder Proof of Cash. Weak controls may cause errors, fraud, or unauthorized transactions, impacting cash records’ accuracy and reliability.

  1. Complexity of Cash Flows

Cash flows can be complex in industries with cash receipts, cash-intensive operations, or complex financing. Understanding and tracking these complex cash flows accurately can pose challenges during the Proof of Cash process.

Here’s How Acquira Can Help You

proving cash

If you need help establishing reliable Proof of cash, we can help you. Acquira’s Quality of Earnings analysis includes our proof of cash service. 

Our QoE analysis can provide a clear picture of a company’s financial health by providing a detailed view of the company’s financial statements and accounting practices. This will help you understand the target company’s financial health, including its cash flow, revenue, and profit margins. This will also help you identify any red flags or areas of concern.

Our QoE analysis can identify any discrepancies or irregularities in the financial statements of your target company. This could include items such as revenue recognition, inventory valuation, or expenses that have been improperly capitalized.

By identifying these issues, you can determine the true financial position of your target company and avoid overpaying.

Our QoE analysis can also highlight potential risks and opportunities that may not be evident from the financial statements alone. 

For example, the analysis may identify areas where the target company is losing market share or where it could benefit from operational improvements. By understanding these risks and opportunities, the acquirer can make informed decisions about the potential value of the target company.

It can also help you negotiate the purchase price based on the company’s actual value, rather than relying solely on the financial statements provided by the target company.

It can also help you negotiate the purchase price based on the company’s actual value, rather than relying solely on the financial statements provided by the target company.


Conducting a quality of earnings analysis before acquiring a business is crucial for potential buyers. This analysis helps buyers understand the true financial health of the business, negotiate a better price, and mitigate any potential risks or issues. 

Acquira’s Quality of Earnings Service is a comprehensive analysis that can help Acquisition Entrepreneurs make informed decisions and ensure a successful acquisition. 

Whether you’ve already found a business you want to acquire or you’re just beginning your acquisition journey, Acquira can help you close on the business faster and reduce the risks associated with each step of the journey.

If you’re just starting out on your acquisition journey, the first step is to sign up for our Accelerator+ Program. The Accelerator provides an unparalleled level of support throughout the entire acquisition process and beyond. It includes one-on-one calls with an Acquira Success Coach, a robust community of fellow Acquisition Entrepreneurs, MBA-level M&A training, and over one hundred hours of recordings with acquisition experts and Acquira’s team. 

But space is limited. To see if you’re eligible, simply fill out the form below and schedule a call with us. We look forward to hearing from you.

Key Takeaways

  • Proof of Cash reconciles accounting records with actual cash balances to verify a company’s cash and equivalents.
  • Proof of Cash is crucial for accurate financial statements, fraud detection, regulatory compliance, internal control evaluation, stakeholder confidence, and preventing cash flow problems.
  • Acquira’s Quality of Earnings offering includes a proof of cash service to help those that are having a hard time with establishing proof of cash
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